What types of outpatient surgery might be performed at an ambulatory care facility?
Outpatient, one-day or out-patient surgery is performed on an outpatient basis, where the patient returns home the same day after the procedure. Medical institutions for outpatient surgery specialize in this, offering the following services:
• Surgical procedures
• Pain control
• Diagnostic services
Some of the advantages of one-day surgery:
• You can avoid hospitalization in a hospital, which will lead to cost savings
• Minimizing prescription drugs and therefore harmful side effects
• It is better to use the valuable time of the doctor
• Modern surgical instruments and materials
• Surgical methods are less invasive
• There is a team that cares about the patient to undergo surgery with the presence of a surgeon and an anesthesiologist
• Reducing health care costs
This is best suited to those who are usually healthy, and they have to undergo small surgical procedures, although some complex problems are also considered on an outpatient basis. Some examples of outpatient surgeries are urologic, ear nose and throat procedures, ophthalmic operations.
What happens before outpatient surgery?
Before the beginning of the operation, the full evaluation of the patient is performed by a doctor. If there are pre-existing medical conditions, the family doctor is consulted to determine the course of action. While the anesthesiologist does not come into the picture until the day when the operation is planned, the doctor actively evaluates and prepares the patient, especially those who have other complications with health. On the eve of the operation or the day it is scheduled, the anesthesiologist reviews all the patient’s medical records and conducts a survey. Then follows the discussion of the anesthesia plan with the patient or family, clarification of any problems associated with the procedure, so that the patient is well informed and prepared.
If a patient has had a heart attack or suffered a stroke, or is suffering from hypertension, diabetes, asthma and other respiratory diseases, they should meet with a doctor or an anesthesiologist the day before the planned procedure and provide the following information:
• copies of medical records, results of electrocardiograms and other tests for the heart and lungs
• Detailed information about medical problems, previous operations, and problems, if any
• List of drugs currently taken with dosages
• Information related to allergic reactions, if any
Based on the information received, some changes or additions to the drug may be made. Further tests can be recommended. In some cases, the operation may be postponed or canceled. The purpose of the preparatory phase is to eliminate any fears and fears about the procedure so that the patient is fully aware and prepared.
After the surgical procedure is completed, the patient will be transferred to the recovery zone to recover from the effects of anesthesia. This may take several hours. With outpatient surgery, the patient is usually recovered without pain and discomfort. If there is severe pain, care is taken immediately, and the patient is monitored by a nurse with a doctor and an anesthesiologist at hand to monitor emergencies.
In short, outpatient surgery is not so serious as to guarantee a stay in the hospital, but at the same time not something that can be treated by a doctor’s clinic. The patient is discharged after the operation and can return home the same day without spending the night.
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